Hyperpigmentation is caused by an over-production of melanin, the pigment which gives skin its colour.
There are three main types of hyperpigmentation:
1. Hormonal changes often developing during pregnancy, melasma pigmentation appears on any area of the body, especially the stomach and face.
2. Sunspots are a very common form of pigmentation, which are as a direct result of excessive sun exposure. They appear on areas exposed to the sun, especially the hands and face.
3. Finally, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is the result of an injury to the skin.
Topical prescription medicine, skin peels, retinoic acid and lasers can all improve the appearance of dark patches.
Products recommended: Dr Barbara Sturm Cleanser, SkinCeuticals Advanced Pigment Corrector, Oskia Renaissance Brightlight Serum