Eczema is a dry skin condition affecting one in 12 adults. While in mild cases, skin is dry, scaly, red and itchy, in more extreme cases, skin can weep, crust and even bleed. In most cases, there is either a family history of eczema or there is an environmental reason for irritated skin.
Eczema prone skin doesn’t produce as much fat or oil as ‘normal’ skin and it also retains less water. As skin is dehydrated, gaps open up between the skin cells, meaning the protective barrier of the skin is weaker. This allows bacteria or irritants to pass through more easily. Because skin with eczema is more easily damaged, it can become red and inflamed when in contact with irritants. Gentle, fragrance-free soaps and skincare are recommended for anyone with eczema prone skin.